Marguerite de Valois the scandalous ..
A little histories of the history of France
PART I – Margot’s Childhood
Marguerite de France is a princess of the Valois-Angouleme branch of the French Capetian dynasty. Queen Margot is the eldest sister of Elizabeth of France and the last Valois kings. She was born on May 14, 1553 at the castle of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and died March 27, 1615
At eleven, Margot had two lovers (As moving as the mercury, she wanked any object that approached it – Palma Cayet)
On May 24, 1553, at the beginning of the afternoon, a group of valets ran out of the castle of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and rushed into the garden, shouting happily:
– The queen enters in “gesine” (is giving birth)!
All the courtiers who were calmly digesting on the terrace, contemplating the course of the Seine, immediately rose and leaped towards the room of Catherine de Medici.
Moments later, a compact crowd crowded around the bed where the Florentine laid. A scream came to announce to the happy assistance that they had not bothered for anything.
With a lively gesture, the doctor removed the sheets and leaning on the naked belly of her Majesty (at the time the Queens of France gave birth in public and the Court attended the Show in the midst of screams and all the proper agitation due to birth, charming indeed right?), while the ladies of the finery tried to contain the gentlemen who did not want to lose any second of the show.
Finally, the queen gave birth to a big baby that the practitioner showed to the assembly.
“It’s a girl,” said he. “A lady took the child, presented her to her father Henry II of France, and to his beloved mistress Diane de Poitiers (the children of France were always presented to the king’s mistress). cradle where her three brothers, the future Francis II, aged nine, the future Charles IX, aged three, and the future Henry III, who was just eighteen months old, came to contemplate her.
“We will call her Marguerite,” said the king.
By a funny sign of destiny, this little girl, who was to become one of the greatest seductresses of our history, was thus given the name of the flower which lovers use to measure their feelings. “A little, a lot, passionately, to madness …” She will be madness for she will love making love throughout her life.
During the years of her early childhood, Margot lived chastely and wisely. Though it was suspected she was caressed everyday in various places of her body making her extremely sensual and sensitive with raunchy needs.
At eleven years old, everything changed. A fairly sharp fire tormented her in the right place and she began to ogle the boys in a way that worried those around her.
Then, Brantome tells us, “Catherine de Medici, finding that she was of a hot and boiling blood, made her use dialy all her raps of barley juice, which is called in France sorrel”.
The remedy does not seem to have been very effective, because Marguerite had two lovers.
These pioneers were named Antragues and Charins.
Here, indeed, is what the author of the satirical Divorce tells us: “At which age (at eleven years) Antragues and Charins had the beginnings of her heat, which increases every day, and they are not sufficient for her to extinguish it, though Antragues made an effort which has since shortened his life, she glanced at Martigues, and stopped him there so long that she enlisted him under her sign. ”
This third lover came to find her in the thickets of the park of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and gave her intoxicating lessons of things …
For a few years, the girl amused herself with different gentlemen, without having the slightest impression of committing a fault.
Raised among the young ladies of the Flying Squadron, (very beautiful courtesans, whom Catherine de Medici had chosen to seduce influential men so that they rallied to her cause) it seemed to her, in fact, quite natural to let herself give in to her instincts, and to enter the bed of young people whom she found pleasing …
Love, for her, did not have the taste for sin, and she indulged in it happily, ignoring the constraints that create the repressions.
Everything seemed simple to him, allowed, and she considered the most unorthodox gallant situations without trouble.
Thus she became at fifteen the mistress of her three brothers.
Some particularly pudibund historians refuse to believe these dreadful turpitudes; yet the author of Satyric Divorce is, on this subject, formal: “She added soon after her dirty conquests, her brothers, one of whom, namely Francis (future Duke of Alençon), continued this incest all his life, and Henry so desecrated her so much that he could not love her after that . ”
This accusation is confirmed by Agrippa d’Aubigné:
The three at the same place have the envi
The first harvest of their lust:
From the last two after the blind heat
No doubt inherited the redoubled incest. ”
Henri III of France and his brother Charles IX of France -their sister’s supposed lovers
The young loves of Marguerite de Valois
The contemporaries of Marguerite de Valois say of the future queen of Navarre that she is of a beauty surpassing all the women of her time, that she is “a goddess of heaven”, “a princess of the earth”. Not a man resists her physical charm. Marguerite does not only have beauty: she also excels in conversation. A wise child, Marguerite becomes less chaste in her eleven years, when she begins to have lovers according to her chroniclers! It is rumored that the princess loves love and sees no sin in it. For her, “a soulless man and a man without love”. Marguerite is said to have become, at the age of 15, the mistress of her three brothers: the future Charles XI and Henry III as well as the Duke of Alençon. If some historians refuse to believe it, the author of the “Satirical Divorce” denounces it, as well as Agrippa d’Aubigné in “The Tragiques”. When she reached the age of 18, Marguerite fell madly in love with her cousin Henri de Lorraine, Duke of Guise, aged 20. Endowed with a fiery temperament both, they do not hide their love at the least and they are easily surprised in the arms of each other in a garden, under a staircase or in the corridors of the Louvre. Their intimacy was so public that some people go so far as to think that the two young lovers secretly married.
Besides, the princess only wants to marry the duke of Guise, but her mother and brother King Charles IX leave her no choice, and poor Marguerite must marry Henry of Bourbon, king of Navarre. As for Henri de Lorraine, he is married in 1570 to Catherine de Cleves.
On the wedding day – August 18, 1572 – at the moment of answering “I do”, Marguerite looks towards the duke of Guise then towards her brothers, desperate. Finally, Charles IX must force his sister to comply with a sudden and quite brutal movement of his hand over her head. This is not why the new queen of Navarre will become the wife of Henri de Bourbon during their first night! Moreover, her husband often has such a smell that the young woman can not stay in the same bed for more than 15 minutes and has the sheets changed very often.
The young queen finds love with a certain Jacques de Harlay, lord of Champvallon but he will not be her only lover. In 1583, in front of the whole court, her brother King Henri III, irritated – and probably jealous – reproached his sister her love scandals, calls her names and went as far as to say that Marguerite gave a child to Champvallon. The Queen of Navarre stands up and retorts, “He complains that I spend all my time making love, does not he know he’s the one who put me first on the rack?” Marguerite confesses that the first to be in bed was her own brother. But unlike many kings and husbands who would have repudiated their wife for infidelities, Henri de Navarre never thought of it. From the beginning of their union, from a mutual agreement, Henri takes mistresses and Marguerite lovers, without one or the other being jealous. Marguerite is nevertheless a few times, not because her husband has a favorite but because it is taken for the mistress in the house of Marguerite as is the case of Françoise de Montmorency-Fosseux, the first to to become pregnant with the Vert-Galant ( Nicknamed of Henri de Navarre later King Henri IV of France grand-father of the sun king)!
The royal mistress Françoise de Montmorency-Fosseux
The scandals of Marguerite de Valois, Queen of Navarre
The husband of Marguerite, Henri de Navarre is not really the husband one can dream of: according to some, the couple quickly sleep in separate rooms because poor Marguerite de Valois can not stand the smell of garlic and goat that emanates from the future Henri IV. If Henry wins the nickname “Vert-Galant”, we could also draw the list of the many lovers of Marguerite! Shortly after her marriage in 1572, the Queen of Navarre fell in love with Boniface de La Mole, a handsome nobleman with many conquests. The latter is involved in a conspiracy against Marguerite’s brother, Charles IX. The Queen of Navarre learns it and warns her beloved brother, sacrificing her lover. Boniface de la Mole pays dearly for Marguerite’s fidelity to her brother King Charles IX since he is condemned to be beheaded. His death causes deep sorrow to Queen Margaret. It is said that she bought the head of her lover and buried it in the garden of the abbey of Montmartre. Marguerite quickly consoled herself for the loss of Boniface and took more lovers, one of whom emerged from the group: Jacques de Harlay, lord of Champvallon. The Queen of Navarre causes scandals on scandals while appearing with lovers to the great displeasure of her brother King Henry III, who succeeded Charles IX in 1574. On August 7, 1583, a ball is given at the Louvres. Henri de Navarre is then far from his wife, which compensated his absence by his lovers. It was that evening that Henry III reproached his sister for her behavior and called all possible and unimaginable names. Marguerite is also accused by the king of intriguing with their younger brother François-Hercule, Duke of Alençon, against the crown and to be his mistress!
Queen Margot and King Henri de Bourbon at a ball
The king, mad with fury, does not contain himself anymore, ends up yeling that Marguerite gave a child to Champvallon. The Queen of Navarre fainted when she heard her brother’s accusations. She is finally driven out of Paris and exiled to Nérac then to Usson.
Although in prison, she still seduces … until her jailers. Marguerite can finally return to Paris under the reign of Henry IV -whose she had to divorce in 1599- in 1604. At that time, the great beauty of the one that the writers will later call “Queen Margot” vanished and now she is nothing more than an ugly and obese woman, but who always collects lovers. She has not yet – officially – had children. However, many rumors ran about this, including the sound of the birth of an offspring of Lord de Champvallon.
At the time Marguerite de Valois was to give an heir to her husband, Henri of Navarre. Not being pregnant as quickly as one would have liked, the queen first went to a cure in Bagnères to help her fertility. In Paris, it is rumored that the Queen of Navarre had to abort a child of her lover Champvallon. However at the time, the abortion is very dangerous: illegal, it is practiced by “angels makers”, which use knitting needles to dislodge the embryo or trample the belly of the future mother until the moment the child, who is not a formed child yet , is expelled. In many cases, the mother does not survive the abortion. The English ambassador claims, on the contrary, that Marguerite de Valois, pregnant, had given birth to a living child. She would have had a second one in 1586, born in the castle of Carlat. The father of this one would be a certain Aubiac. However, it seems a little illogical that Marguerite de Valois could have been pregnant: if she and her husband were sleeping apart, it was once the marital duty accomplished. Knowing the ardor of both, Marguerite could have been pregnant with her lovers as well as her husband? The pregnancy rumors of 1583 are probably based on the fact that the Queen of Navarre has gained weight during this year. In any case, if there were one or more illegitimate children, no one knows what he/she / they have become, which reinforces the probability that all this is pure invention. However, these “gossip”, believed by Henry III, will have do great harm to Marguerite. She denied all her life having aborted or given birth to a child.
April 5 1606. Cougar, Queen Margot, 52, attends the murder of her 18-year-old gigolo. Returning from exile, the ex-wife of Henry IV sees his lover shot by a jealous rival in front of the Hotel de Sens.
Under the frightened eyes of a fat Queen Margot who is about to get off her carriage, her 18 years old young lover collapses, a bullet in the head. Gabriel Dat de Saint-Julien, whom she loves passionately, dies on the spot. Stuck in a rut because of her weight , the ex-queen of France can only see the murderer run away at full speed. But no, she does not dream, it is the Earl of Vermont, her previous … gigolo. At 52, the divorced wife of Henry IV still unleashes the passions …
Margot loves young men, love poems and sex. In Nerac, she maintains a court devoted to love and literature. She changes lover lat lightnening speed. These intrigues inspired Shakespeare’s Lost Love Pieces. So what? It is not her ex, King Henri IV, rightly nicknamed Green Galant, who will give him moral lessons! Besides, he does not care, maintaining excellent relationships with his first wife. After a long exile, he has just allowed her to return to the capital. Marguerite de Valois moved temporarily to the Hotel de Sens, opposite the Isle aux Vaches (the future Ile Saint-Louis), pending the delivery of the palace she built on the left bank, facing at the Louvre.
Now overweighted , Marguerite enlarged her frame with tin plates arranged under her clothes to make her look thinner. The small problem is that so harnessed it is difficult to pass through the doors too narrow. She uses Vertugadins (beads arranged under her skirt) in which, according to … Tallemant des Réaux, “she put a box where was the heart of one of her dead lovers , because she was careful, to as soon as they die, to have their hearts embalmed. ” Every night, he says, she ties this Vertugadin to her bed with a padlock! But must we believe these malicious accusations? Bald, she sometimes wears a blonde wig made with the hair of her footmen. And to hide her blotchy complexion, she launches the use of powder.
As Dat de Saint-Julien opens the carriage door, the 20-year-old Count of Vermont, who had preceded him in Margot’s heart, sends him a bullet in the head. After his crime, the assassin runsaway, but he is quickly overtaken by the valets of the queen. We bring him back, is recognized . He confesses jealousy! But the Margot is not really sensitive to this explosive testimony of love. She shouts: “Kill him, watch him, hold on, hold on, here are my garters, and strangle him!” He is thrown into a cul-de-basse-pit du Châtelet. At the time, justice is expeditious. Three days later, on the 8th of April, the young nobleman has his head cut off by the executioner at the place of his crime, in front of the Hotel de Sens. Posted behind a window, Queen Margot revels in the show. Young lovers who are plenty and everywhere.
le château d’Usson
Queen Margot (Marguerite de Valois) in Usson
In the last decades of the sixteenth century. Usson was a landmark in the history of France with the forced stay of Marguerite de Valois daughter of Catherine de Medici and first, wife of Henry of Navarre, future Henry IV, a character whose more or less romantic literature has seized .
In 1584, not speaking to her brother Henry III, Marguerite was at Nérac with her husband, but she became confused with him and moved to Agen, which she had to leave under the threat of the royal troops; she was finally welcomed in Carlat (Cantal) by Robert de Lignerat. His mother then gives him the castle of Ybois (now destroyed) in his lands of Auvergne, near Issoire. To get there she must cross the mountains of Auvergne, Murat and Allanche; December 6, 1586 she arrives at Saint-Saturnin, she leaves on the 13th; to get to Ybois she has to cross the Allier at the Ford of Pertus, no one is waiting for her and she risks drowning. Barely settled in Ybois her brother Henry III orders her to go to Usson whose lordship belongs to him since the donation made by Charles IX in 1572 and confirmed in 1482 to compensate for his dowry of 72,000 pounds which had not been paid. Since then all the villages where Marguerite passed during her journey and those where it is supposed to have passed have a “Queen Margot’s house”.
Margot was to remain nearly 20 years in Usson, first as a prisoner severely watched by Canillac, then after receiving the good graces of her guardian who handed her the keys of the castle, as a voluntary prisoner. The life she led was a mixture of libertinage most unbridled (she would have had two sons, one infant, the other Capuchin) and manifestation of the most genuine piety not to mention her political intrigues with all then left in struggle. She received visits from many beautiful minds of the time and discussed philosophy and literature with them speaking several foreign languages. Prodigal she was always short of money despite the help more than substantial granted by her brother Henry III, then by her husband Henry IV on which she could exert a kind of blackmail by refusing to “go out of marriage”. 1599 for 200,000 crowns, but with the prohibition to return to Paris (although she had rendered great services to Henry IV by warning him of the plots of Charles de Valois) This is what she will do in 1605, and will die in 1615, after bequeathing all her property in 1606, including Usson to the Dauphin, the future Louis XIII.
During her stay she was very charitable, distributing bread and clothes to the needy. Before leaving she created an institution of charity, “Usson’s Donor” fed by the income of her lordship, an endless notarial act accurately specifies the provisions: “distribution For each day to each poor half of a bread …, plus a coat for ten poor and ten little boys, and twenty blue cloth dresses stuffed with leu. sleeves for ten little girls, each of them has a pair of shoes, white cloth and a pair of shoes and a shirt “, all distributed at Christmas The distribution was to be made by administrators taken from the inhabitants of Usson whose the parish priest and a “hermit” living in Usson.
In 1663 the revenues of the Donnerie were left to the Minimes congregation settled in the village and in 1676 joined those of the General Hospital of Clermont.
Usson castles in the XVII th and the XVIIIth centuries
Marguerite wrote in 1606 to Henri IV to advise him to bring down Usson castle “that would ruin the country if it was in the wrong hands.” This will be done in 1633 according to the edict taken by Richelieu in 1629. Apart from a small door of an enclosure there is nothing left; in the village some houses have elements of the Renaissance and the walkway in the middle of the vegetation remains visible.
In 1724 Usson with Nonette was sold by the king to Marshal Yves d’Allegre, by his marriage his daughter gave the seigniory to Jean Baptiste Desmarets de Maillebois, Marshal of France. His son sold Usson to Pons de La Grange, his descendants had possession of it in 1789. In May 1773 the bishop visited the parish; the church was under the name of St. Maurice, it was served by a priest appointed by the prior assisted by godchildren; Masses were held in summer at 6 am and 7 am, at 8 am in winter. The parish of 320 communicants had no school or midwife. The cemetery was in a bad state, the cattle entered there because there were no doors “because the priest had them done and they were stolen twice”.
In their note of complaints of 1789 the inhabitants were interested in major reforms: fairer tax system, free justice, abolition of seigneurial laws, suppression of the rights of hand-dead, public assistance, creation of a granary of plenty …. It has been visibly written by educated people.
Apart from a seditious seditious crowd in the year VII the Revolution went smoothly and calmly.
Around 1830 56% of the usable soil was for plowing, 30% vines, 8.5% in the rest the rest fallow, woods, gardens, there were 3427 plots and the village was accessible only by bad roads. The twentieth century saw profound transformations: end of isolation thanks to a good road in 1935, consolidation in 1967-1968 which reduced the number of parcels to 536 and upset the landscape. The vine, without having regained its importance before the phylloxera, still holds a large place, but the main thing is the breeding of cattle. Many people will work in Issoire while there are a good twenty second homes. As for the tourism it is limited, to the fast passage of some visitors of the site and the church.