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If you wish to feel as if you’re on a Greek island without leaving Attica, we suggest a visit to Sounion, a must-see archaeological site close to Athens, overlooking the Aegean. The site has a rich history, featuring the spectacular Temple of Poseidon, a National Park, and is famous for its glorious sunset.
Cape Sounion, the southernmost tip of Attica, about 60 kilometers from Athens, was a significant strategic point in ancient times, as the city-state of Athens controlled the sea passage to the Aegean Sea and Piraeus, the central port, as well as the Lavrion peninsula, comprising the rich silver mines thanks to which Athens emerged as a leading power in the 5th century BC. Homer was the first to refer to Sounion, in Odyssey, as “the sacred cape of the Athenians”. According to Herodotus, the Athenians celebrated a great four-yearly festival there. Poseidon’s sanctuary is mentioned by the tragedians Euripides and Sophocles and the comic playwright Aristophanes.
According to the Greek Ministry of Culture, the fortress and sanctuaries belonged to the deme of Sounion, formed through the state reorganisation by Cleisthenes in 510 BC. The settlement in the fortress probably forms the centre of the deme. In the surroundings of the fortress, another settlement is located over the port and a cemetery of the classical period on the shore.
When Poseidon visits his Temple
Who was the God of seas
Il est le dieu des océans ,mers, et des lacs ainsi que Seigneur des tempêtes et des tremblements de terre et des chevaux. Son pouvoir est d’ébranler la Terre et de faire couler des sources. Voici peut-être en quoi il porte bien son prénom car Poséidon signifie ” mari et seigneur de la terre”. Il crée les tempêtes et les raz de marée. C’est d’ailleurs suite au refus su roi Minos de Crète d’honorer sa promesse qu’il déclenchera un raz-de -marée depuis Santorin qui détruira la civilisation minoenne. Il a son palais sous la mer Égée. Il possédait une île féerique, L’Atlantide.
Alors qu’il était enfant il fut enlevé par Pontos et Gaïa. Il eut 6 garçons et une fille de la fille de ses ravisseurs. Puis il épousa Amphitrite, une Néréide dont il eut un fils nommé Triton.
As a child he was kidnapped by Pontos and Gaia. He had 6 boys and a daughter of the daughter of his captors. Then he married Amphitrite, a Nereid whose son he had named Triton.
Poseidon was famous for his anger and resentment, so his children were noted for their cruelty! He is punished as well as Apollo for hatching a plot against Zeus and he is condemned to serve the king of Troy who asks him to build walls of protection against the enemy.
However, the king did not pay him for his work. Crazy with anger Poseidon sends a sea monster that destroys the coast before Heracles kills it. He will harass Ulysses with his hatred because Ulysses has punctured an eye of his son. He will pursue him and prevent him from going home for many years.
Poseidon is said to have created the horse and shown men to ride them with a bridle. It is feared but honored throughout Greece.
Location: Attica, Greece
Altitude: 60 m
Area: 390 m2
Cape Sounion, advanced sentry of Attica 50 km from Athens, occupies an admirable marine site facing the Aegean Sea and the Cyclades Islands. This cap, 60 meters high, which plunges steeply into the sea was called by the Ancients, the “sacred point”.
The temple majestically erected on this promontory was dedicated to Poseidon.
Built in marble from 444 to 440 BC, then ruined by the weather, it has been partially restored. Its slender columns measure about 6 meters high, which is not exceptional, but the fact that they are thinner at the top than at the bottom, contribute to give them this impression of grandeur.
To appreciate all the magic, it is necessary to replace Cape Sounion in its time.
From the rock overlooking the bay, the Athenians used to monitor the Aegean and could see any suspicious fleet sailing to Athens, long before it could reach it.
That is why, quite naturally, they had built a temple dedicated to Poseidon, God of the sea.
Δώσε μου λιγάκι αγάπη παραπάνω κι εγώ να δεις μετά για σένα τι θα κάνω,
όλο το κόσμο πάνω κάτω,κάτω πάνω θα τον κάνω, για να σου φτιάξω το πιο όμορφο πλάνο!
Of course we took advantage of the visit of the Cape to go around and enjoy delicious seafood
along with others Greek delights
And ice cream of course … we are still in the middle of summer, are we not ?.
After this feast, a small digestive walk around Cape Sounion.
“The Sacred Promontory” is what Homer called the Temple of Poseidon. Built in the middle of the fifth century BC. J.-C, by order of Pericles, the Temple of Poseidon overhangs the sea from a height of nearly 60 meters.
It has several peculiarities, like its 6.10-meter columns, which appear to be slender and taller than they are, because their diameter is narrower at the top than at the bottom.
Moreover, as the temple is very exposed to the winds, the grooves of the columns, numbering 16 instead of 20, have been studied to resist the action of salt air.
Finally, on one of the columns, the English poet Lord Byron engraved his name, almost 200 years ago
The temple of tears
Athens, has been conquered by Crete, and forced to send regularly to the Minotaur seven young men and seven girls.
The minotaur, a monster with a bull’s head and human body, was held shut up by King Minos in the labyrinth designed and built by Daedalus, the famous Athenian inventor and architect.
This labyrinth was built in such a way that no one could escape or escape the man-eating monster.
Theseus, son of Aegeus, king of Athens, sympathetic to the grief of the parents whose children were likely to be sent away, decided one day to go and kill the Minotaur. To do this, he slipped into the group of young men whom Greece was to sacrifice to the monster, and arrived in Crete.
As soon as Ariane (daughter of King Minos and half-sister of the Minotaur) saw him, she fell in love with him and offered her help. In exchange, she made him promise that he would take her to Athens and marry her.
She gave him a ball of yarn she had received from Daedalus.
Theseus, tying one end of the wire to the door, spurned it as he advanced. Having killed the monster in the Labyrinth, he was able to find his way, and come out safe and sound.
Enraged by this escape, Minos locked Daedalus and his son Icarus in the labyrinth. The prisoners did not find the exit, but Daedalus made wings of wax so that both could escape by flying away. Icarus, approaching too much the sun, saw its wings melt and drowned in the sea, while Daedalus, managed to reach the Sicily
Aegeus, meanwhile, was waiting for his son in Cape Sounion. Indeed, Theseus had agreed with his father that if he came out victorious in this terrible battle, he would hoist white sails on his boat. But if he was killed, the crew should leave the boat with black sails.
Aegeus saw the ship with large black sails coming in the distance. Theseus, in his haste forgot to hoist the white ones. In despair, Aegeus, believing his son dead, threw himself from the rocks into the sea, which since that time is called the Aegean Sea …
Nowadays, Cape Sounion has been revived for generations of Manga fans. Indeed Masami Kurumada creator of the legendary “Saint Seiya” (the knights of the zodiac) whose heroes are legendary knights endowed with amazing powers in the time of the olympian gods.
He created the character of Kanon Gemini Gold Saint and General of Poseidon. Ex traitor to Athena, he is locked by his twin Saga, in the prison of Cape Sounion to die and thus atone his fault.
Many fans of the manga come to this place and leave flowers, offerings and graffiti.
After a last sunset and an observation of the moon, it’s time to leave
The heart is a violent muscle; it opens and shuts. The subject is death. The subject is also laughter. – Jon Anderson
💞#greece🇬🇷. Au revoir. Miss you already.
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