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Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece, with a peak at 2,917 meters. It is part of the chain of the same name. Olympus is traditionally the domain of the gods of Greek mythology. It is one of the ten national parks of Greece. Mount Olympus stretches to the north of Greece near the Aegean coast, on the border of Thessaly and Macedonia. Olympus is a mountain of massive appearance, rising abruptly in several places, bordered by wide ravines and densely wooded in its lower part. Its vast rocky summit is covered with snow most of the year. The first known ascent was made in 1913 by Christos Kakalos and the Swiss Daniel Baud-Bovy and Frédéric Boissonnas.
Όλυμπος – Olymp – Mount Olympus – Olimpo
Titanomachy: a powerful Oedipus case
In greek mythology existed several Gods, like the primordial Gods (protogenoi) who emerged as the dawn of creation, like Nyx , daughter of Choas the goddess of the night, later feared by even the Olympians themselves. Many wars were wagged but the most important was the titanomachy: the battle of the Titans.
The cause of the war between the gods, which became known as the Battle of the Titans, was a power struggle between the elder gods and the younger generations. The elder gods were reluctant to give up their supreme powers to the young ‘whipper-snappers’ and the younger gods were treated cruelly by their fathers. The goddess Gaia created Uranus and together they overthrew the Primeval gods and produced twelve gigantic children who became collectively known as the Titans in Greek Mythology.
Uranus and his wife Gaia. Uranus was terrified of the massive size and strength of his gigantic children and to prevent their ever making use of their strength against him, Uranus seized them immediately after their birth and hurled them down into a dark abyss, below the Underground, called Tartarus, where he kept his first giant children (the Titans) in chains. Uranus and Gaia produced another 3 giant sons, the Cyclopes and three more sons called the Centimani (Hundred-Handed Ones) who were giants of incredible strength and ferocity. The youngest son of Uranus, Cronus, aided by his mother Gaia, vanquished his father, bound him in chains in Tartarus and released his brothers and sisters. Uranus cursed his son, and made the prophecy that a day would come when Cronus would also be supplanted by his children…The rise of Titans, led by Cronus, enjoyed their supreme power. The trouble began when the wife of Cronus, Rhea, produced children. The names of the children were Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon. Cronus remembered the prophecy of his father and to prevent the prophecy from coming true Cronus swallowed each of his children as soon as they were born. As the children were immortal, Cronus could not kill them, they remained trapped inside the body of Cronus. Rhea gave birth to her sixth child, Zeus and she tricked Cronus by substituting the baby Zeus with a rock wrapped in swaddling clothes and Cronus swallowed the swaddled rock believing he had disposed of Zeus. She sent him to Crete under the protection of a goat Almathea , he later discovered his lineage and went to his mother to fight is father.
Kronos’ mighty sons then divided his former domain between themselves. Although it was Hades’ birthright, as Kronos’ firstborn son, to be named his father’s successor, he agreed to divide the Titan King’s former domain with his brothers. Hades received the Underworld, Poseidon drew the seas, and Zeus claimed the heavens as his domain. After this division, the three sons of Kronos came to be known as “The Big Three.” However, Zeus’ authority was recognized as superior to that of his brothers, and he became the king of the gods.
Worshipping the gods was a fundamental part of daily life for the Greeks. Many deities with different roles oversaw all aspects of human affairs, from marriage and childbirth to illness and death, as well as success in the games, courts, or in love. Sacrifices were made and offerings given to ensure their continuing good favour.
If the mighty Gods fell into oblion not being worshipped anymore, many Greeks remain faithful to their roots and gather to worship them: nature and all every July . All to the initiative of George Klonis . According to the BBC the mouvement started back in 1996 with the founding of the Return of the Hellenes by Tryphon Olympios, and has since slowly expanded, gaining tracking and recognition in the process. Olympios says that the economic crisis in Greece should be a time of reflection on the values that govern a society. According to him, people don’t actually pray to Zeus, Hera or the others, but see in them representations of values such as beauty, health or wisdom. Nevertheless, the followers are described as “an odd mix“:s. Some refuse the supremacy of orthodox church , other seek it as a way to restore Greece glorious past and other see it as a link between old traditions and new religion. To them worshipping water, earth, and the air is not against being christian. They made these quote their own”“Man is the most insane species. He worships an invisible God and destroys a visible Nature. Unaware that this Nature he’s destroying is this God he’s worshiping.”
We will sure go there July 2020 to witness this.
En route ..to Mount Olympus
Saying Grace for beautiful blessings
But it’s the view from the top that will really spur you on. The crinkled flanks of the Olympus Range unfold beneath your feet, with Macedonia to the north and Thessaly to the south. Shimmering 11 miles east at Litochoro, lies the vast, blue expanse of the Aegean Sea.
Mount Olympus is noted for its rich flora and became the first National Park in Greece in 1938. It is now home to animals including wild boar, wildcats and roe deer.
When the weather is fine, the views stretch for miles into the distance, but the mountain can also be blanketed in snow or shrouded in cloud, as though at the whim of the gods who inhabit it
It is said that Stefani peak (2,909m – 9544ft), is known as the Throne of Zeus, and is the third highest peak of Mount Olympus
Anyway, as some of us were really tired ( hum hum… lazy) we decided to enjoy the numerous lagunas all over Mount Olympus
Another great thing is that the sea and beaches are very nearby, so you can head immediately for a plunge into the sea after your hike. When staying in Litochoro, the nearest beaches are Plaka Litochoro and Gritsa.
Video by Katarina
To close this chapter about Northen Greece, we decided to see the bubbly life of teh coastal ressorts and our two landladies adviced us to go to Olympiaki Akti to enjoy greek food, and a vibrant atmosphere.
We had our share and enjoy some fresh ( I concur ) greek food and very friendly staff . We felt like eating everything ..and so we did
This is actually an extension to Paralia Katerini a very touristry place. Olympic Beach, also known as Olimpiaki Akti is a very small and quiet resort.
This stay has been quite an experience that we enjoyed so much. Though we were lacking time to pay tribute to Alexander on his birthplace of Pella, visit Skopje and find out more about the various ethnicities ( Serbian, Romani, Slavic, Macedonian ) and its folklore and culture. But we already have a taste and it was a blast. Northern Greece is a beauty with its changing landscapes and forests . Preserved nature and undisputed beauty, archeologic sites and sights too. Now it’s time to move to central Greece and the city named after the wisest Goddess of all: Athens.
Goodbye North Greece and former kingdom of Macedonia. You’re wonderful Αντίο Βόρεια Ελλάδα και πρώην βασίλειο της Μακεδονίας. Είσαι υπέροχος
Places to visit near Litochoro
Castle of Platamonas
Archaeological site of Pydna
Vergina Royal Tombs and ancient city Aigai in Vergina
Orlias Waterfall in Dion
Waterfall of Agia Kori in Vrontou
Red Rock Waterfall in Dion
Hike Refuge Stavros to Mana
Information Centrum National Park Olympus in Litochoro