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History & Anecdotes

La Goulue of Montmartre

#LaGoulue #ToulouseLautrec #Frenchcancan #Montmartre #Livresanciens #bibliophilie #photographiesanciennes #auction#cancangirls #bloomers #cancanboots #blackstockings #oolala#Levraiparis #moulinrouge #frenchcancan #Lagoulue #Paris # #pinup #pinupgirl #oldiesbutgoldies #peinture #movie#boudoir #burlesque #cabaret #moulinrouge #occitanie #curvy #frenchcancan #cancan #Paris #Courtesans #famousHookers ##paris🇫🇷 #parisstyle #parisianlifestyle DuTrottoirALaGloire #

She was LA GOULUE…

Louise Weber (1866-1929) was ‘La Goulue’, the famed cancan dancer of Le Moulin Rouge, and the highest-paid performer of her day.

She was dubbed ‘La Goulue’ or The Glutton for her habit of downing the drinks off tables as she danced past. This vibrant, audacious and gutsy sensualist would high-kick the hats off male customers’ heads with a toe during her routine. And dance on the table tops, and flash a red heart embroidered on her under garments.

Perhaps Jewish and from L’Alsace, Louise Weber settled into the Paris suburb of Clichy, and began working in a laundry with her mother. Even at 16 she revealed her daring – borrowing clothes of put in for cleaning to go to the dance halls at night.

There she met Auguste Renoir, who introduced her to nude modelling for artists and for photographers such as Achille Delmaet, and from there she found her way into the dance clubs and halls of Montmartre. She was immortalised by in lithographs and paintings by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.

She formed a dance partnership at Le Moulin Rouge’ with Jacques Renaudin (1843–1907), a wine merchant who danced under the name of Valentin le Désossé or Valentin the Boneless. Doing the ‘chalut’, an early version of the cancan.

Determined to capitalise on her considerable fame, La Goulue broke with Le Moulin Rouge in 1895 to set up her own dance hall, and when this venture failed, she travelled about fairgrounds as a belly dancer, with her own booth (Barraca de La Goulue). She failed again, and end her days in alcoholic destitution, reduced to support herself selling peanuts, cigarettes and matches – unrecognised and on a street corner near the Moulin Rouge!

Apart from her representations in art, Louise Weber is know today through restaurants round the world bearing the name ‘La Goulue’, from Paris to the Upper East Side in New York to Sydney.

Louise Weber was filmed in older age – firstly, sprooking the crowd at her fair booth, ‘La Barraca de La Goulue’, using a monkey in a cage, and secondly, on the steps of her derelict caravan home, chatting to a friend of times long gone and then dancing a few of the steps that made her fame at Le Moulin Rouge.

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "la goulue"

Watching this tiny second clip, it’s impossible not to respond to her efforts re-capture some of the vitality and abandon of her Can Can days. There is still some of the delicious and vigorous fluidity and the rhythmic abandon, but in the gentler mode of old age. And still the beautiful placement of body, arms and legs.

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The quadrille knows a great triumph and soon the all masculine Paris; crashes into the smoky atmosphere of the famous ball in the tintamarre of the brass, the laughter of the girls and the soft slip of the impassive boys who serve champagne and Absinthe. Great lords mingle with the notaries in bad encanailment: the Duke of Talleyrand, Prince Poniatowski, the Duke of Sagan, the Comte de La Rochefoucauld, the Prince Troubetzkoy and, always, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and his pencil;

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However, time flies. Comes the one where it becomes painful to dance. Well endowed with money la Goulue has set up a Carnival that Toulouse-Lautrec has decorated and that would work well on condition that she wants to, but she has started to drink, to drink more and more and the alcohol will bring him down one to one all degrees of forfeiture. Becoming a huge gossip, plastered and crouling, she will not only return to her starting point, which would not be a catastrophe, but reach the depths of misery.

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In 1929, an old woman, with white hair, comes to the 84 Boulevard de  Rochechouart.
It is a famous House in Montmartre because it once housed the first black cat, then the Mirliton which was the cabaret of Aristide Bruant. Now it is a hospital House run by nuns. The woman is asking for work. She is ready to do anything as long as they are willing to feed and shelter her.

She is hired as a maid but by pure charity, because it is obvious that she has no more strength.
Yet she does her best, happy to have found a kind of home and left behind and horrible loneliness. But she is really worn out by the rum and the foolish life she has led. Soon come sthe time of agony and she asks for a priest.
When he leans over her bed, she raises to him uncoloured eyes that have lost the hardness of yesteryear:
-I would like to confess, she whispers humbly, but do you believe that the good Lord will forgive me? I was the Goulue…

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "la goulue"

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "la goulue"

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History & Anecdotes

History Undergarnments : Françoise-Athénaïs de Mortemart de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan

paris #versailles🏰 #HistoireDeFrance #NotreHistoire #lafrancedesbourbons⚜️#courtisane 
The favored maîtresse of King Louis XIV, Athénaïs was renowned both for her beauty and her wit. Primi Visconti  Fasolla de Rasa , Court Chroniqueur described her as having a “perfect face”, a “nose that was aquiline but well shaped” and a “vermilion mouth with very fine teeth”. Poisoner,  black magic worshipper, poisons and other love potions user, seductive, manipulative and power hungry, This is the real evil face of this angelic looking visage. She bore Louis seven children and enjoyed great favor for many years, leading some courtiers to term her “the true Queen of France”. Her favor eventually waned and she came under suspicion during the Affair of Poisons, facing accusations of poisoning and Satanism. In 1691, she retired to the Filles de Saint-Joseph convent. She died in 1707 at almost 67.

The Marquise de Montespan represented as Diana the Roman Goddess

«

Louise de la Valliere, who possessed the heart of Louis XIV from the year 1661 until 1669, was supplanted by Madame de Montespan – born October 5, 1640 to the Duc de Mortemart and Diane de Grandseigne,- who enjoyed his favor with as much brilliancy and empire as Madame de la Valliere had had modesty.

Francoise Athenais de Rochechouart de Mortemart, wife of the Marquis de Montespan; her  elder sister, the Marquise de Thiange, and her younger sister, for whom she obtained the abbey of Fontevraud, were the most beautiful women of their time; all three joined to this advantage singular amenities in the mind. They all wrote with a particular lightness and grace, and their conversation was seasoned with a certain mixture of jest, naivety, and finesse, which was called the spirit of the Mortemarts. She did not hesitate to remind her royal lover that she possessed more quarters of nobility than he had.

“To the most surprising beauty, she joined the most lively, the most healthy and the most cultivated spirit,” said the epistolary Marquise, Mme de Sevigne about her, thanks to this sweet mixture, Francoise Athenais de Rochechouart de Mortemart, better known by the name of Madame de Montespan, seduced Louis XIV, but it is also what will make her lose the title of favorite, fifteen years later, at which time she will find refuge at the Chateau de Montespan. Bourg in Evry A house in the fields with a breathtaking view on the Seine, frequented by the nobles fleeing Paris in the summer. In 1695 she  acquires and renovates this building, entrusting Le Nôtre to draw the gardens.

The disgrace of the Montespan came with the famous case of poisons. the Most Catholic King discovering with dismay that the practice of the occult sciences had spread within his court. And that one of the occupations was to serve Louis XIV food cooked with the blood of her  period, moreover black mass practice and child sacrifices. The one who helped the Marquise in her demonic plans was Mademoiselle des Oeillets, her maid and occasional mistress of the King, when the Marquise was either pregnant, indisposed, or ill.

Athénais will gave Louis XIV seven children

  1. Louise-Françoise (1669-1672)
  2. Louis-Auguste, Duke of Maine (1670-1736)
  3. Louis-César, Count of  Vexin (1672-1683)
  4. Louise-Françoise, Mlle de Nantes and future princess  of Condé (1673-1743)
  5. Marie-Anne, Mlle de Tours (1674-1681)
  6. Françoise-Marie, Mlle de Blois and future duchess of Orléans (1677-1749) and at last
  7. Louis-Alexandre, Count of  Toulouse (1678-1737)   

Her maid will give a child to the  King. A babygirl named Louise of the White House, which he refused to recognize and legitimate. However, when  this child  died in 1718 at the age of 42 years old , the parish register of La Queue-en-Yvelines, named her “lady Louise de Bourbon-White House, natural daughter of Louis XIV”.

claudedevindesoeillets

Mademoiselle Des Oeillets, maid of the Marquise de Montespan

Mademoiselle des Oeillets was commissioned to buy from la Voisin – a local witch- “powders for love” for the king. But, from 1675, she also suffered the pangs of passion and burned with the desire to supplant the one she was an employee to. She grew tired of living in the shadow of alcoves, waiting for the intermittent whims of her royal lover. A fortune-teller would have predicted her fortune in the  court. She had the misfortune to believe it. It is very likely today that Louis XIV did not want to legitimize the girl he had with her, Mademoiselle des Œillets decided to poison him by giving Madame de Montespan not the requested aphrodisiacs but poison! To achieve this goal, she sought the help of La Voisin and Lesage who set to work. This might explain the “vapors” that the monarch had had at the beginning of October 1675, he also felt violent headaches, accompanied by chills and choking … Mlle des Oillets mysteriously came to La Voisin in company a mysterious English milord who passed for her lover. She had promised the conspirators a reward of ECU 100,000 and wanted by passes  to facilitate their escape as much as hers abroad. The importance of this sum, the presence of the lord who, according to the daughter of La Voisin, came at least three or four times to his mother, suggest the idea of ​​a political plot. Mademoiselle des Oeillets Carnations would have been in tthis case , only used as the instrument of other interests.

The failure of this first attempt did not discourage the next one. A few months later, in 1677, she left without reason the service of Madame de Montespan 
and gave herself to repugnant practices of black magic in the company of the  La Voisin and the Abbé Guibourg. The following attempts initiated by the Marquise 
out of jealousy towards Mademoiselle de Fontanges (new favorite of the King, introduced to him  by the aging Marquise who thought thus to manipulate the King and
 to preserve his affection thus her social position), like the Mademoiselle des Oeillets whose heart beat always for the sun King despite his indifference to her and her person.

Image result for mademoiselle de fontanges Marie-Angélique de Scoraille de Roussille, Duchess  Of Fontanges, Louis XIV’s new favorite, dead at  20 years old .Portrait from Mignard that inspired the  Comtesse de Forget

These later projects - those of 1678-1679 - against Louis XIV and Mademoiselle de Fontanges were only the continuation of previous conspiracies.

Informed, the attitude of the sun king changed completely. If he refused to bring to justice the one who remains the mother of seven of his children, he did not hesitate to show his total disinterest.

It is only in 1685, that will appear the first signs of Athenaïs ‘s disgrace: in January, she was forced to leave her apartment of the first floor of versailles  for the  baths apartment located on the ground floor, a little less luxurious. “This was the first big step of her disgrace and her remoteness,” French philosopher Saint-Simon will say.

In 1687, Louis XIV suppressed his visit to Athenais before his bedtime, thus provoking the great anger of his former mistress.

Athénaïs proudly sees her children from her legal mariage as well as the ones she had from the Sun King;  marry prodigiously: her son, the duke of Maine, is married to 
Marie-Bénédicte de Bourbon-Condé,grand-daughter of Grand-Condé in 1692, and her daughters: Mlle de Nantes, is married to Louis III de Condé (brother of the previous one)
 in 1685 and Mlle de Blois, to Philippe d'Orléans, nephew of Louis XIV and future Regent during the minority of Louis XV, his little nephew. 
She also turns to her only son with the Marquis of Montespan, Louis-Antoine, future Duke of Antin, she will then marry him to Julie-Francoise de Crussol, daughter of the Duke of Uzès 
and granddaughter of the Duke of Montausier, also gives him a annual pension of ECU 2,000 and will buy for him in 1695 the magnificent Petit-Bourg domain.

In 1691, Madame de Montespan retired to the convent of St. Joseph, rue Saint-Dominique, in Paris, which she had founded before and welcomes poor people and children. Athenais abandons her beautiful dresses for a simpler attire, often prays and deprives herself of food in repentence,  and endows the young and poor girls with her personal money. Despite her retirement, Athenais will continue to perform in the world for various occasions or weddings of his children.

En 1704, après la mort de sa sœur Marie-Madeleine, Mme de Montespan acquiert le château d’Oiron qui devient sa dernière demeure.

In 1704, after the death of her sister Marie-Madeleine, Madame de Montespan acquired the Château d’Oiron, which would become her last home. In 1707, during a cure at Bourbon-l’Archambault, that Madame de Montespan’s health began to deteriorate. But thanks to the presence of the Maréchale de Coeuvres, she overcomes the fear of death and only consecrates her last days to God. She begins to have weaknesses that her entourage dreads an apoplexy attack because she had a seizure seven years earlier. His granddaughter, the Maréchale de Coeuvres came running, administers a high dose of  emetic that will be the cause of her death.

Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart-Mortemart, Marquise de Montespan,.Louis XIV’s famous favorite dies at Bourbon-l’Archambault in the night of 26 to 27 May 1707 around 3 am in the company of her son. At the announcement of the death of the Marquise de Montespan to Louis XIV,he will simply say: “Since I had dismissed her, I never expected to see her again.” Clear message that showed people that the Marquise was already dead for Louis XIV.

Elle sera inhumée en l’église de Cordeliers de Poitiers comme tous les autres Rochechouart. Le tombeau sera profané durant la Révolution et ses ossements (comme ceux de sa famille) seront dispersés. Le mausolée de marbre noir trouva refuge au château des Forges de Verrières puis réintegra Poitiers. Quelques vestiges se trouvent aujourd’hui dans la cour du musée de Chièvres.She will be buried in the church of Cordeliers de Poitiers like all other Rochechouart family members. The tomb will be desecrated during the Revolution and her bones (like those of her family) will be scattered. The black marble mausoleum found refuge at the castle of the Forges de Verrières and then reintegrated to Poitiers. Today , some still remain in the courtyard of the Chièvres museum.

Epilogue :

After the death of his mistress, Louis XIV thought he was done with her. But he was wrong! When he died in September 1st 1715, they searched in haste for a ceremonial bed on which to expose his mortal remains. One was found in a height of the chateau, which was installed in the room adjoining the throne room. But no one, neither Madame de Maintenon, nor the royal family, nor the captain of the guards, nor the first gentlemen of the chamber, nor the monks, nor the priests chanting the prayer of the dead, noticed in the sky of this bed, staring at the dead king, there was a portrait of the flamboyant Marquise, fresh and radiant as in the most beautiful years of her glory. We had simply forgotten to remove it.

Image result for mademoiselle de fontanges

Copyright © 2019  Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel. 1997-2019 All rights Reserved

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History & Anecdotes

The Italians Kings of France : The Valois Dynasty

The romanesque saga of the Italian Kings of France . The Valois Dynasty: King Louis XII of France

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History & Anecdotes

The Biscione of Milan

Traveling friends, if you went, you are going, you plan go to Milan, the heart of Lombardy, you will certainly see this symbol everywhere in the city, and some official papers. What is it? What is it? Here is what I propose to you to discover.

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History & Anecdotes

French Crown Jewels

In those  times when the inalienability of works held in public collections is threatened, it may be useful to recall, with the help of the work of Mr. Bernard Morel, the deplorable sale of French Crown Diamonds organized by the State in 1887. It amputated the national heritage. […]

The collection of the Diamonds of the crown was deliberately conceived in 1530 by King Francis I who isolated a small group of eight stones or jewels
in his possession and declared them inalienable. They were inventoried as follows: “These are the rings that King Francis I of this name gave
and gives to his successors to the crown of France and that to each a mutatión, the inventory of these together their apréciacion, pitch,
paincture they should check in their presence, so that they give their obligatory letters patent to keep them to their successors in the crown. “ […]
The stones were sometimes pledged but were always taken back into the Royal Treasure.

Image result for les joyaux de la couronne de france

The treasure was diminished by the famous robbery which took place, in the week of September 11th to 17th, 1792, at the hotel of the Garde-Meuble
de la Couronne, in Paris, where it was preserved. But it was increased again under Napoleon, so that it included, in 1814, 65,072 stones and pearls,
most of them mounted in jewels, ie 57,771 diamonds, 5,630 pearls and 1,671 colored stones (424 rubies, 66 sapphires, 272 emeralds, 235 amethysts,
547 turquoises, 24 cameos, 14 opals, 89 topazes).

Sheltered during the war of 1870, the Diamonds of the Crown were successfully exhibited in Paris in 1878, on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition, then in 1884, in the Louvre, in the State Hall, But already they were threatened not by greed, but by hatred of the monarchy. The still fragile Republic wanted to deprive the suitors forever of the possibility of using the Diamonds of the Crown. The most effective opponent of these was the son of Raspail, the deputy Benjamin Raspail. He tabled in the House in 1878 a motion for the sale, which was approved in June 1882 only by 342 votes to 85. […]

At that time [In 1882] the collection, rich of 77 486 stones and pearls, included two groups of jewels: the first, the oldest, dating from the Restoration
and the second executed under the Second Empire, the Diamonds of the Crown having not been used under the July Monarchy. During the Restoration,
Louis XVIII brought back for his nieces, the Duchess of Angouleme and the Duchess of Berry, the trimmings executed for Emperess Marie-Louise, second wife of Napoleon 1st : thus did the sale
of 1887 include the finery of rubies and diamonds, the adornment of sapphires and diamonds, the ornament of turquoises and diamonds, and the diadem
of emeralds and diamonds executed for these princesses, who had also served the Empress Eugenie. As for the jewels executed under the Second Empire,
they overflowed with opulence and imagination. Especially on the occasion of the Universal Exhibition of 1855 that Napoleon III made by the greatest
Parisian jewelers beautiful jewels: a crown for him, whose mount was broken and melted at the time of the sale, a crown for the Empress,
glitzy jewels for this one, including a diamond belt knot ending in two tassels and a set of red currant leaves, including a garland serving
as a necklace, a bodice and a front bodice. Other admirable works were created in the following years, such as the diamond pendants comb (1856),
the Russian diadem (1864), the Greek diadem (1867). We could have had everything again

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The sale took place in the Louvre, inside  the Salle des Etats, in nine vacations, from May 12 to 23, 1887. It was a financial failure. 
The appearance on the market of such a quantity of stones could only depreciate them. The historical provenance of the coins, so important 
commercially today, was not taken into consideration. The collection sold was estimated at about 8,000,000 gold. It was priced at 6 000 000 F.
 The State having paid 293 851 F. to organize the sale, the actual receipt only amounted to 6 927 509 F. Disappointing pecuniarily, the sale was disastrous 
on the historical level, on the mineralogical level, given the quality of certain stones that are now no longer found, and on the artistic level, 
so many masterpieces of French jewelery disappearing at the same time. For everything contributed to make the stones lose their identity: 
to facilitate purchases, the elements of the jewels of the Restoration were sold separately, the decorations of Napoleon III were dismantled, 
the ornament of currant leaves was scattered. The buyers were mainly jewelers (Boucheron, Bapst Frères, Tiffany etc.), 
who finished cutting up most of the jewels to reuse the stones. "

Image result for les joyaux de la couronne de france

All that remains now is to try to evoke what has been the treasure that has accompanied the history of France. This is one of the missions that the Louvre has set itself: to reintegrate in the national collections the jewels that may have survived, whenever possible. [...]

Excerpts from an article by Daniel Alcouffe published Wednesday, January 23, 2008 on the website of the Tribune de l'art.

The logical result was the total destruction of the palaces of the Tuileries, Saint-Cloud, which could have been rebuilt ...

Copyright ©Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel  1998- 2018. All rights reserved

 


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History & Anecdotes

L’Opéra Comique

#Theater #Opera #Interior #Design #Baroque#France #BeauxArts #Paris #OperaComique #Théâtre  National de l’opéra-comique

«“The Opéra-Comique is a Parisian opera company, which was founded around 1714 by some of the popular theatres of the Parisian fairs. In 1762 the company was merged with, and for a time took the name of its chief rival the Comédie-Italienne at the Hôtel de Bourgogne, and was also called the Théâtre-Italien up to about 1793, when it again became most commonly known as the Opéra-Comique.

 Today the company’s official name is Théâtre national de l’Opéra-Comique, and its theatre, with a capacity of around 1,248 seats, sometimes referred to as the Salle Favart (the third on this site), is located in Place Boïeldieu, in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris, not far from the Palais Garnier, one of the theatres of the Paris Opéra.

The musicians and others associated with the Opéra-Comique have made important contributions to operatic history and tradition in France, and to French opera. Its current mission is to reconnect with its history, and discover its unique repertoire, to ensure production and dissemination of operas for the wider public

 

Mainstays of the repertory at the Opéra-Comique during its history have included the following works which have each been performed more than 1,000 times by the company: Cavalleria Rusticana, Le chalet, La dame blanche, Le domino noir, La fille du régiment, Lakmé, Manon, Mignon, Les noces de Jeannette, Le pré aux clercs, Tosca, La

Copyright ©Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel  1998- 2018. Tous Droits Réservés 

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History & Anecdotes

History of France: Queens & Royals Mistresses. Valentina Visconti

For all those who asked me for the return of my historical chronicles. History of France – Queens & Royal Mistresses

Duchess of Orleans and Queen of France

On August 17, 1389, the brother of Charles VI, Louis of Orleans (1372 † 1407), married Valentina Visconti of Milan. This one, born in 1368 in Milan, was an Italian princess, daughter of Jean Galéas Visconti (1351-1402), then lord of Milan, and of Isabella of France (1348-1372) (a daughter of John II the Good and Bonne of Luxembourg) Countess of  Vertues, and became by her marriage Duchess of Orleans.

She gave the Duke of Orleans nine children, four of whom will live: Charles of Orleans (1394-1465), Duke of Orleans, father of Louis XII, Philippe of Orleans (1396-1420), Count of Vertus, Jean of Orleans (1400-1467), count of Angoulême, Marguerite of Orleans (v.1404-v.1466), countess of Vertus, who will marry Richard of Brittany.

Later, Louis XII nicknamed the father of the people, will start the wars of Italy to resume the Duchy of Milan, among others, as he was the grandson of Valentina Visconti and great grandson of Jean Galéas Visconti.

During her stay in Paris, she stayed at the hotel in Navarre. The young couple of Orleans leads a sumptuous life. But it remains only seven years in the capital, until 1396: it is said that King Charles VI, gone mad since 1392, is more attached to her than to his own wife Queen Isabeau of Bavaria, who reciprocally the mistress of the Duke of Orleans; it is also rumored that his father Jean-Galeas Visconti, on his departure from Milan, told him that he did not want to see her before she was Queen of France (“Farewell, beautiful girl, I do not see you ever see that you do not know Queen from France “).

Valentina was not the favorite of Charles VI who already had Odette de Champdivers. Louis of Orleans was assassinated on November 23, 1407 leaving the Hotel Barbette where Queen Isabeau of Bavaria resides, his sister-in-law.

It is located in Paris, rue Vieille du Temple, in the Marais district where are located the hotels and palaces of the Great Kingdom and the King himself.

Isabeau of Bavaria is still alert and attractive at age 39 despite a dozen pregnancies. The complicity of the great is troubled by the complicity of Louis I of Orleans with the Queen, which makes some fear that the King’s brother will take over the Council.

The rivals of the Duke of Orleans do not fail to spread rumors about the misconduct of Isabeau of Bavaria and his guilty relations with the seductive Louis I of Orleans.

Historians of the nineteenth century, reproaching the queen for her German origin, went so far as to imagine an adulterous conception of the dolphin Charles VII of France with the Duke of Orleans.

Louis I of Orleans is assassinated by a gang of masked thugs. His valets and guards, who escort him, are powerless to protect him. He is buried on November 24, 1407.

We discover that the murderers acted on the orders of John the Fearless, who sees the power escape him. The sponsor of the crime is at first discreet because the population of Paris, 300,000 strong, is shaken by the tragedy and is brought to revolt.

Then rumors circulate and the wind turns … It’s because the widow of the Duke of Orleans, Valentine Visconti, daughter of the Duke of Milan, does not inspire confidence in the Parisians. The Duke of Burgundy is on the other hand very powerful and capable of many unpredictable things. The city, little by little, comes to forgive the assassins for fear of more serious trouble.

The assassination of the Duke of Orleans puts an end to the war between Louis I of Orleans and Charles II of Lorraine. Charles II of Lorraine rallied to the Burgundians.

As eldest, Charles I of Orleans collected most of the inheritance including the Duchy of Orleans, the counties of Valois and Blois, and the seigneuries of Coucy and Chauny.

Jean d’Orléans becomes Count of Angoulême and Périgord in 1407.

Bernard VII of Armagnac remains attached to the party of Orleans.

First supporter of John the Fearless, John I of Bourbon disavowed after the murder of Louis I of Orleans and is close to the Armagnacs, becoming a fierce opponent of the Duke of Burgundy.

Louis II of Bourbon decides to retire in his lands and plans to settle in a convent of Celestins.

Guillaume Cousinot becomes Chancellor of Charles I of Orleans. Its leading position on the side of the Armagnacs, lost to Guillaume Cousinot all his assets in France, which are confiscated by the party of Burgundy.

Valentina who had remained faithful to him, died, consumed with grief on December 4, 1408. Nothing has a meaning to me, meaning is nothing to me!

Image result for valentina visconti

We can find her  statue in the Luxembourg garden.

The statue of Valentine of Milan is one of the statues of the Queens of France established around the basin of the Luxembourg Garden. It is the work of Victor Huguenin (1802-1860) in 1846.

Copyright © 2016  Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel. 1997-2016 All rights reserved 

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History & Anecdotes

History of France – The undergarments of History Jean de la Fontaine



Twenty-seven January 1671: But what rascal this Jean de La Fontaine he publishes fairy tales. Between two animal fables, the poet relaxes by writing licentious tales

January 27, 1671, La Fontaine receives the first copies of his third volume of fairy tales, whose printer has completed printing. Hush! Do not repeat it to the children, but in the fabulist sleeps a damn little rascal. He is not content to write fables staging animals for the instruction of the Dauphin, he also writes licentious tales on the pretext of denouncing the hypocrisy of his century. Especially that of the churchmen who kiss happily despite their vows of chastity. As usual, he draws his inspiration from the ancient authors, Boccaccio and many others. He plundered the licentious collection of Hundred News (fifteenth-century fables). Between 1664 and 1666, he published his first tales and short stories in libertine verse in two volumes. Then he goes on in 1668 with the publication of 128 animal fables of the highest decency.

With his fairy tales, the subtle La Fontaine handles his feather with lightness, he tricks worms with delicacy. No gravelly talk, no pornography. Nothing that could scare an unsuspecting reader who would only see fire. It must be said without saying. It is the prince of metaphor to circumvent words condemned by propriety. To evoke the penis, he calls on the snake. And so that his reader understands the metaphor, he adds the adjective "cursed", meaning that the word "snake" is "badly spoken". La Fontaine does not use the trivial expression "making love", but "the devil in hell". The "devil" replaces "the male sex", and "hell", of course, the "female sex". Thus he hides every word too explicit of a gauze sometimes opaque, sometimes transparent.


Not for Sale… The stories of coculation constitute his business. Thus, the tale of "The mandrake" staged Callimaque in love with Lucretia, the wife of Florentine Nicia Calfucci. To put her devil in hell, while the main concerned wants to remain faithful to her husband, Callimaque develops a Machiavellian ploy, he makes the husband believe he knows a secret cure for his wife finally gives him the long awaited and desired child . You have to make her drink mandrake juice. But the deceiver warns: the first man who will caress Lucretia after the absorption of the potion will fall dead. The husband must find a good soul to wipe the plasters. The rest, we guess: Callimachus disguises himself as a miller to slip into the bed of the beautiful virtuous with the blessing of the husband. In 1674, La Fontaine completely let go. He publishes his latest series of stories, where the terms are more precise. The metaphors fly flush with the "fleeces", to the point that an order of the chief of the police Gabriel Nicolas de La Reynie prohibits the sale. A little present for you, here is one of the works of the great La Fontaine entitled "Let's love, let us fuck". Let's love, fuck, it's pleasure
That we must not be separated;
Enjoyment and desires
Are the rarest for the soul.
One life, one con and two hearts
Is born an agreement full of sweets
Devotees blame without cause.
Amaryllis, think about it:
To love without cum is little,
Cum without loving, it's nothing.

In 1693, two years before his death, La Fontaine denied his licentious tales. 
Before a delegation of the Academy, he promises to write only "works of piety". The pious and modest Madame de Maintenon, morganatic wife of the Sun King Louis XIV has spread her influence. 
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The Coronation of Nicholas II

May 26, 1896
Coronation of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia born May 6, 1868, executed on July 17, 1918 in Yekaterinburg, he was the last crowned tsar in Russia.

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History & Anecdotes

Ponte Novu

May 8, 1769. The military rout of Paoli at Ponte Novu delivers Corsica to France. Fleeing as they can French fire, Corsican militia are massacred by their own allies, Prussian mercenaries.

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We know Corsica bomb attacks, incendiary Corsica, Corsica Gabriel, tired Corsica, Corsican a cappella singer, Corsican truant, Corsica “if you touch my sister, you’re dead!”. But little Corsica “save-who-can”. For this, we must go back to May 8, 1769, the day of the Battle of Ponte Novu saw the massacre of hundreds of Corsicans by the army of Louis XV. These early nationalists do not yet fight their heads in a balaclava, but with their open arms in their hands. Mind you, it does not do them that much: that day, not only does the proud Corsican take up his fists in the face of enemy fire, but he is massacred by his Prussian allies who have been ordered by Paoli to prevent anyone from taking the Ponte Novu bridge. This terrible defeat delivers Corsica to France.

 Here are the facts: the immense Corsican hero Pasquale Paoli orders his troop to attack the royal army on the left bank of the Golo. In the second curtain, it has a thousand Prussian mercenaries headed by camp marshal Antoine Gentili, on the Ponte Novu commanding access to the capital of Corte. The Prussian troops have been instructed to prevent the patriots from returning by the bridge in case of retirement. Indeed, the Corsican regiments do not make the weight in front of the French artillery which knew how to occupy several eminences. Hashed by gunfire, the militia of the Island of Beauty say it’s time to hit a belote on the other side. They rush to the bridge. But for a Prussian, the deposit is the deposit. They refuse passage, bayonet with rifle

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 Tragedy … Hundreds of Corsicans hurry on the bridge, the stampede suffocates many of them. Suddenly a shot slams from the Prussian ranks, then it is a heavy fire. Patriots fall by the hundreds, by the hundreds. For their part, the French do not sleep either. The Préfet Érignac is unleashed … It is a horrible massacre. The blood flows freely in the Golo in flood. Soon, the bridge, a hundred meters long, is nothing but an immense charnel house. By dozens, the Corsicans try to swim across the river, but most drown in the tumultuous waves.

. Pasquale Paoli, who is watching the tragedy from afar, is unable to provide any help to his men. Night falls on the rout, sounding the end of Corsican hopes. At dawn, Second Lieutenant Luccarotti of Ortiporio wakes up among the dead, seriously wounded. This is what he will later write: “In the early hours of the morning, I woke up, my soul and my heart oppressed, and found myself with my left arm while bleeding and riddled with wounds amid a pile of corpses. and so many other moribunds who were asking for help, I dragged myself to the top of a rock and, looking in the direction of the bridge, saw a horrible sight: by the hundreds, the dead were piled up in the narrow passage … And, looking further, I saw a large number of them still stretched out and deprived of life, between the margins of the moat and bathing, so to speak, in the blood.I closed my eyes and felt myself faint … Everywhere reigned the silence of the grave … “

Pasquale Paoli then understands that his dream of independence is over. The French, to whom Genoa ceded his rights to the island a year before, on May 15, 1768, can now march on Corte. The Babbu di a Patria is exiled to Britain with five to six hundred of his followers. He returned to his homeland only twenty years later, in 1790, acclaimed by the Jacobins including Robespierre. Louis XVI made him lieutenant-general and commander of the island. It’s the hero of the day.

 

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