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History & Anecdotes

History Undergarnments: Madame Du Barry

#HistoireDeParis #LesCourtisanes #DuTrottoirALaGloire  #FrenchHistory #FrenchRevolution #18èmesiècle # 18thcentury #HistoryoFFrance #HistoireDeFrance #TheWorstDecisionsEver 
#LesPiresDecisions #FamousParisianHookers #KingsPet

August 19, 1743: Birth of Madame du Barry August 19 1743: Birth of Madame du Barry King Louis XV of France royal mistress Jeanne Bécu born in Vaucouleurs, Countess du Barry, is a favorite of Louis XV King of France. The king, Louis XV having suffered in the previous years from the death of his relatives whose favorite title, the Marquise de Pompadour, wanted to make the young woman his new official favorite, which could not be without a presentation to the court and without her being married. The disadvantage was that the knight Jean-Baptiste du Barry was already married (to Mlle Dalmas de Vernongrese), so the difficulty arose by marrying Jeanne to the elder brother of Jean-Baptiste, Count Guillaume du Barry, that she married on September 1st, 1768; she could now be officially presented to the court (April 1769). On the death of Louis XV, his grandson and successor, probably inspired by Marie-Antoinette, had issued all ceasing business a lettre de cachet against Madame du Barry. The Duke de La Vrilliere, a kind of Minister of the Interior, had her driven by night to the Convent of Pont-aux-Dames at Meaux; then he had his papers seized, which arrived partly in the hands of the clan Choiseul. Madame du Barry’s former status as royal mistress made her a perfect target for the revolutionaries. In spite of the numerous testimonies of the inhabitants of Marly and Louveciennes in her favor, she quickly became suspicious from the vote of the law of that name (September 17, 1793), was declared enemy of the Revolution and, after a long predetermined trial, she was sentenced to be guillotined. The execution took place December 8 under the Terror.

Jeanne Bécu was born in Vaucouleurs on the 19th August 1743, the illegitimate daughter of a gorgeous seamstress and a friar. It was a shocking beginning to what was to be a scandalous life.

Jeanne, dragged up by her mother then fortuitiously sent to a convent school by a wealthy benefactor, was to grow up to be exceedingly beautious with a lovely face, tumbling blonde hair and meltingly seductive violet eyes. Sadly, her fiscal prospects were non existant and the presence of protective adults was minimal so the young Jeanne after an initial attempt to train as a milliner soon found herself working in a casino come brothel.

She was ‘rescued’ from this life by a noted roué, the spurious comte du Barry who installed her as his mistress then launched her career as a high class courtesan to men of the court. Jeanne does not appear to have been adverse to this life, being untroubled by too much in the way of morals and blessed with a budding taste for expensive luxuries.

The Sleeping Beauty is the oldest existing figure on display at Madame Tussaud’s in London. It was modeled after Madame du Barry. She appears asleep and a device in her chest makes it seem as if she were breathing.

She did very well for herself until 1768 when on a visit to Versailles, she came to the attention of another aged roué, Louis XV who, always prone to depression, had been in a protracted state of bored gloom ever since the death of his exquisite mistress, Madame de Pompadour. He’d ignored all of his courtiers attempts to divert his attention with various beautiful and well born ladies of the court and had instead consoled himself with the less demanding charms of servant girls and young women who were housed in his private brothel in Versailles.

He was instantly smitten by the young Jeanne and it wasn’t long before her lover du Barry’s brother was forced to marry her in order to make her position more respectable and enable her to have the title that was so necessary for an entrée to Versailles life. After this there was no stopping her and to the horror of all, the King even installed her in apartments in the palace. No one in Versailles had any illusions about the origins of the latest favourite, lovely thought she was. They’d all sneered at the middle class origins of Madame de Pompadour, so you can imagine how they felt about having Madame du Barry prancing around in their midst, dressed up in pink silk and exquisite lace and covered in the diamonds that she adored so much.

In 1772, the infatuated Louis XV requested that Parisian jewellers Boehmer & Bassenge create an elaborate and spectacular jeweled necklace for du Barry, one that would surpass all known others in grandeur, at an estimated cost of two million livres. The necklace, still not completed nor paid for when Louis XV died, would eventually trigger a scandal involving Jeanne de la Motte-Valois, in which Queen Marie Antoinette would be wrongly accused of bribing the Cardinal de Rohan, Archbishop of Strasbourg in the Alsace, to purchase it for her, accusations which would figure prominently in the onset of the French Revolution.

The good times didn’t last for long however as in May 1774, Louis XV died of small pox in his room at Versailles and Madame du Barry, who was loathed by his young and rather prudish grandson and heir Louis XVI and his wife, Marie Antoinette was promptly sent away from court and at first compelled to enter a convent, although she did not remain there for long.

Madame du Barry was never again received at court but does not seem to have regretted this exile too much as she had her own beautiful chateau at Louveciennes and seems to have lived there very happily throughout the rest of the 1780s, taking one lover after another, patronising artists and being a lady bountiful to the local people.

She did her best to live out the revolution in relative obscurity but her fame as one of Louis XV’s most extravagant mistresses and also, as usual, her total lack of proper advice and support were to be her downfall.

On the night of the 10th January 1791, a significant amount of the Comtesse’s jewelery collection had been stolen from her bedroom and she had moved heaven and earth in an attempt to retrieve it, which necessitated offering a reward and several trips to England. If she had only remained in London, where she had friends, then she would have been safe and would have come to no harm. However, not being too bright, she always returned to France and eventually these trips brought her to the attention of the hostile authorities, who were hardly likely to be sympathetic about her tale of stolen diamonds.

Among the charges brought up against Madame du Barry at her trial was the charge that she wore mourning for Louis XVI while she was staying in London. 

Copyright © 2016  Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel. 1997-2016  All Rights Reserved

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History & Anecdotes

Cambyses II King of Persia

Archeology #Archéologie #AncientCivilizations #CivilisationsDuPassé #Perse #Persia #Iran

Immersion  in the Kingdom of Persia in ancient times to discover the founders of the Achamennides dynasty, the oldest political entity in the world. The Achamenian Empire or Achamenian Persian Empire (in Persian: هخامنشیان Hakhāmanishiya) is the first of the Persian Empires to reign over much of the actual great Iran. At the peak of its power, it encompasses about 7.5 million km². The Achamenian Empire was territorially the largest empire of classical antiquity, extending over three continents (Europe, Asia, Africa) and inclunding the territories of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia, Asia minor, most coastal areas of the Black Sea, Thrace, Macedonia, Northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, all of Egypt and a part to the West of Libya and even if they had no hand put on all Greece, but a large part of it.

   It is customary to start the Achaemenian Persian Empire with Cyrus II, a descendant of Achéménès. This King, having submitted the Medes  took the title of King of the Persians and the Medes, was one of the greatest conquerors of the dynasty and carried out the unity of Asia minor, but the successors of Cyrus II, Darius I and Xerxes I could not submit Greece (see the wars  Although they invaded it several times. The cornerstone of this dynasty rested on the sense of loyalty of the subjects towards the King who was revered as a deity.

After more than two hundred years of supremacy, the decline and fall of the Achamenian Empire will be consequences of : the weakening of central power; the intrigues of harem, the life of the rulers too sumptuous; the decadence of manners;  national rebellions in conquered territories:  Egypt, Greece, which are strengthened by Persians defeats during the Mediic wars; The weakening of the army and the uprisings of the satrapies. The collapse of the Empire was almost immediate when the King of Macedonia Alexander the great (336-323) arrived. The Achaménide dynasty died in 330 with the assassination of Darius III.
The one that interests us today is the son of great King Cyrus, Cambyses.

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History & Anecdotes

Let’s wander through France : Pierrefonds Castle

#castle #travel #photography #nature #france #architecture #chateau #photooftheday #history #ig #landscape #spring #picoftheday #art #travelphotography #castles #sky #europe #germany #love #medieval #castello #scotland #photo #view #castillo #travelgram #beautiful #instagood #bhfyp

Pierrefonds Castle is located a hundred kilometers north of Paris, between Compiegne and Soissons, in the former province of Valois. It had been attached to the royal domain under Philippe-Auguste in 1181, and the castle of “Pierrefonts”, position of refuge and strategic surveillance on the edge of the Compiègne forest, was bought back to the rightful owners.

History

1371. Charles V gives the county of Valois to his second son, Louis of Orleans, from his birth. This donation is confirmed in 1386, at the time of his marriage with Valentine Visconti (daughter of the Duke of Milan).

From 1392. King Charles VI is seized with fits of dementia that will not cease until his death. Authority in the kingdom becomes uncertain and a bloody rivalry develops between two parties claiming to rule in the name of the king: the Burgundians allied to the English (with pretensions to the throne of France) and the Armagnacs, allied with Louis of Orleans. The latter, claiming to be frustrated with his rights as regent of the kingdom, had several castles built or repaired in order to constitute a vast military network capable of dominating the north of Paris and of which Pierrefonds could constitute an ultimate reduction.

1397. The construction of the castle progressed rapidly and will be completed less than ten years later, since in 1406, the whole court moves to attend the wedding of the future poet Charles d’Orléans, Louis’s eldest son.

1407. Louis of Orleans is assassinated in Paris by the partisans of the Burgundians.

1415. The King of England Henry V, taking advantage of the unrest and strong alliance with the Burgundians, won the victory of Azincourt against the Armagnacs. Charles d’Orleans, heir to Pierrefonds, is held  prisoner. He will remain 25 years captive in England and he will express in his verses the nostalgia of “his douice France”: ‘Looking towards the country of France One day comes to me, to Dover on the sea That he remembered the sweet pleasure That I was drunk * to find this country; And began to sigh with sigh How much good did I do to see France, which my heart must love.

1420. The Treaty of Troyes, with the support of the Queen of France Isabeau of Bavaria, disinherits the dauphin (future Charles VII), recognizes Henry V of England as heir to the kingdom and confers the regency.

1422. Henry V, then Charles VI die two months apart. this situation creates a period of uncertainty that will dispel Joan of Arc by making recognize the legitimacy of Charles VII in 1429. Charles of Orleans is released in 1440. A truce with the English intervenes in 1444 and ends the Hundred War years.

1422. Henry V, then Charles VI die two months apart. this situation creates a period of uncertainty that will dispel Joan of Arc by making recognize the legitimacy of Charles VII in 1429. Charles of Orleans is released in 1440. A truce with the English intervenes in 1444 and ends the Hundred War years.

1595. Antoine d’Estrées (father of Gabrielle, mistress of King Henry IV), acquires Pierrefonds for 18 000 ducats.

1617. As part of its policy of lowering the feudal lords, Richelieu, Minister of War, sieges Pierrefonds with 3,000 men, 500 horses and 4 pieces of artillery. In less than a week, he crushes all the advanced works and collapses the main towers.

Eighteenth century. Abandoned, the castle attracts a few visitors. In 1798, it is sold as national property for 8100 Frs.

1810. Napoleon I bought Pierrefonds for only 2,950 francs.

1832. Louis-Philippe gives a reception on the occasion of the marriage of his daughter with Leopold I, King of the Belgians.

1848. Pierrefonds is inscribed on the list of Historic Monuments.

1850. The Prince-President, future Napoleon III, visits Pierrefonds. A few years later, he will entrust Viollet-le-Duc with the restoration.

1858. Work begins.

Around 1861. The initial projects are modified. It is not only a question of a “picturesque ruin”, but of an imperial residence. Napoleon III is at the peak of his glory (Nice and Savoy were attached to France, the drilling of the Suez Canal advance ..-). The King of Prussia visits Pierrefonds, who will undoubtedly influence it forty years later for the restoration of the Haut-Koenigsbourg castle in Alsace. Louis II of Bavaria will also be inspired in the construction of the castle of Neuschwanstein in 1869. Viollet-le-Duc gives free rein to his Gothic-romantic inspiration. His imagination is limitless: does not he realize for Napoleon III a railway car of Gothic style and a huge room of 50 m long to receive his armor collection. The chapel is a pure creation of the architect, freely interpreting the impulses – of the Gothic style and applying it to furniture, decoration.

1869. The statue on horseback of Louis of Orleans by Frémiet (sculptor of the Archangel who dominates Mont-Saint-Michel) is set up in the large courtyard.

1870. La guerre interrompt brusquement la restauration, mais l’essentiel des travaux extérieurs prévus sont terminés. Il reste à exécuter les clôtures (portes, fenêtres, vitrerie), les ravalements, la couverture des terrasses et les pavements.

1879. Viollet-le-Duc dies. The end of the restorations is laborious. They are considered finished in 1884. The armor collections are transferred to Paris to the Army Museum. The castle remains deserted and its unfinished decor leaves a strange impression of theater without actors or spectators. He will cross two world wars without suffering any damage, symbol of the uselessness of his defenses of another age. The National Fund for Historic Monuments and Sites is now in charge of the conservation and development of Pierrefonds. With the help of cultural tourism interested in the Middle Ages, she tries to give life to this castle, too new to look old but too inspired to be considered false.

Copyright © 2019  Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel. 1997-2019 Tous droits réservés.

Copyright photos: Penndragon & Ambre MaitreJean

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History & Anecdotes

December 17, 1498: To repudiate his wife, Louis XII invokes her incapacity “to receive virile seed”.

The cancellation of his marriage allows the King of France to marry Anne de Bretagne, the widow of his predecessor.

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History & Anecdotes

Nefertiti

#egypt #cairo #fashion #africa #dubai #travel #love #lebanon #egyptian #art #photography #redsea #alexandria #sea #happy #luxor #pyramids  #ancientegypt #thisisegypt #giza #sphinx #kairo #valleyofthekings #karnak 

She was queen some 1300 years before the last representative of the pharaohs of Egypt Cleopatra VII. Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (‘Beauty Has Come’) – was a most powerful queen of ancient Egypt whose name remains forever attached to power and beauty.

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History & Anecdotes

Charles VIII, the cursed king victim of a door

In April 1498 the royal couple is in Amboise, undermined by the despair of still not having an heir. Married since the year 1491, Charles VIII and Anne of Brittany have not yet suffered the tragedy of infertility. Less than a year after their union, the queen gave birth to a well-constituted little prince, Charles-Orland, new Dauphin.

Related image Charles-Orland Dauphin of France

Very fertile, Anne of Brittany is constantly pregnant. Alas, after the birth of the Dauphin, all her pregnancies result in a miscarriage or the birth of a stillborn child. In 1495, the Dauphin dies, victim of measles. In the face of this fatality, it is thought that Charles VIII. Is punished by heaven for his greed for the kingdom of Naples. The Church advises him to do penance. The king multiplies the prayers, the fasts, the pious foundations, and leads a chaste life, going so far as to drive out the girls of “little virtues” of his court.

Related image

In August 1497, the queen gives birth to a son and immediately distributes blessed amulets and medals to the nurses, in order to protect the child. Despite the amulets and the prayers, the little prince dies after a week. Anne de Bretagne despairs to give an heir to Charles VIII and sees it, too, a sign of the wrath of God. Indeed, it must be remembered that Charles VIII and Anne of Brittany were not promised to each other. Dauphin, Charles was betrothed to Margaret of Austria, who had come to France to complete her education. As for Anne, she had married the father of the young Marguerite, Maximilian. France, coveting the duchy of Brittany, had succeeded in breaking the marriage of Anne and Maximilian of Austria, and little Marguerite had been repudiated just before her wedding. For Queen Anne, heaven punishes France for having broken two unions up out of covetousness, by not granting any heir to her king. In September 1497, Anne de Bretagne is pregnant again. In spite of the pious offerings of the royal couple to thank God for this pregnancy, this one does not give a new Dauphin to France: it is a girl whom the queen gives birth prematurely, to Ambroise, in March 1498. The child will not live.

Related image
Charles VIII of France and Queen Anne of Brittany (miniatures of the  XVI th century)

In this gloomy atmosphere, one seeks to distract the king. They count on the youth of the Queen, who is only 21 years old, to give a Ddauphin to France. For the moment, in Amboise, Charles VIII is invited to a game of palm. But as he crosses a gallery in the basement of the castle, the king’s head hits the top of a door. The monarch does not seem to have suffered from this blow … but a few moments later, he falls unconscious. None dares to  move the king and he is installed on a bench. The doctors try, in vain to save him. On April 7, 1498, Charles VIII died at the age of 28, a common accident. But did the young king actually was victim of  an accident? The autopsy reveals that the blow to the head could not, on its own, lead to death.
The monarch leaves no heir and a young widow already coveted by his successor: his cousin Louis of Orleans. He rejoiced every time the king lost a child … which brought him closer to the throne of France. For all that, did he have Charles VIII murdered? Before going to the game of palm, the sovereign has eaten an orange from Italy. Was she poisoned? We know that the Borgias are masters in the practice of poisons! But if the Duke of Orleans accedes to the throne with the disappearance of his cousin, no one has ever accused him of the death of the latter. It seems that the one who will become Louis XII does not have the profile of a murderer (if that had been the case, Anne of Brittany would certainly not have accepted to marry the murderer of her first husband!). On the other hand, Charles VIII being suspicious of his cousin, was constantly monitoring his actions

Image result for CHARLES viiI DE FRANCE

If Charles VIII is not dead murdered, how to explain the sudden death of the young king? To find the answer, we must go back to the previous generation, with the father of Charles VIII: Louis XI. The latter has been the victim of several stroke , which have nearly cost him his life many times. It is, moreover, from a cerebral congestion that Louis XI dies. His successor most likely inherited this health issue. Therefore, the frontal shock he received, forgetting to bend at the door (he is small and therefore not used to have to lower his head), probably caused him a cerebral hemorrhage. Moreover, his doctors knew the pathologies that could suffer Charles VIII: a heart weakness had been diagnosed a few years ago and during the last weeks of his life, the young king had a livid complexion and was thinned. The internal hemorrhage certainly explains why the king did not die on the spot.

Since the shock was not strong enough to cause death, many of his contemporaries thought of poisoning. Nevertheless, at the time, those who agree on the accident thesis can not help but see in the disappearance of Charles VIII a punishment of God, as the conditions of his death appear stupid.
The last King Valois in direct line has remained in history as the ruler who died … for having forgotten to stoop. The fate seems to bait on the dynasty since his cousin, become Louis XII, descendant of the powerful Visconti family, would not leave no male heir to succeed him. To be able to marry Charles VIII’s widow and keep Brittany, he too had had to cancel his first marriage.

Image result for louis XII de France Charles 8/ Anne de Bretagne/Louis XII

Copyright © 2015   Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel. 1997-2015 Tous droits réservés.

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History & Anecdotes

KING LUDWIG II: THE MAD KING OR THE SAD KING?

#royalty #royal #royalfamily #royal#beautiful #chroyalty #life #europeanroyalty #bhfyp #monarchy #a #style#instaroyals

Ludwig II’s life has been enveloped in mystery and intrigue. He ascended the throne at a tender age of 18 and with his youth and striking looks, he easily gained overtures and favour of many important people—making him popular not just in Bavaria but in all of Europe. Anyone who paid close attention, however, soon got acquainted with his eccentricities.

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History & Anecdotes

The Assassination Of The Marquise De Ganges

Assassination of the Marquise de Ganges in 1667: the truth beyond the tales.

According to “Revue du Midi”, published in 1892

Have not you read the story of the Marquise de Ganges? At least, have not you heard of this tragedy? It had, in the seventeenth century, a European repercussion, and its fatal outcome frightened the small town of Ganges, the evening of May 17, 1667

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History & Anecdotes

Françoise-Madeleine d’Orléans, Duchess of Savoie

History of France – Françoise-Madeleine d’Orléans, Duchess of Savoy

On November 13, 1648, Marguerite de Lorraine, second wife of Gaston d’Orléans (brother of Louis XIII), gave birth to her third child. The Duke of Orleans, who already has three daughters, is finally hoping for a male heir. Disappointed: it is still a girl who is named Françoise-Madeleine. Its birth, at the beginning of the Fronde, oes almost unnoticed and the Gazette of the time does not mention the arrival in the world of the one that is titled Mademoiselle de Valois.

This attitude reflects the displeasure of the Orleans family, who desires more than anything the birth of a boy. Françoise-Madeleine is a fragile child, often sick. As soon as she reaches the age of four, she is trusted with her cousin, the Duc d’Enghien, Henri-Jules de Conde. Allies under the Fronde, the Orleans and Condé seal their political ambitions by the union of their family. Mademoiselle de Valois’s health, which does not improve after the early childhood stage, requires continual care. As a result, her mother, Marguerite de Lorraine, wants to keep Francoise-Madeleine with her on every occasion.

Francoise-Madeleine d’Orleans (1648-64) Duchess of Savoy (oil on canvas) by French School, (17th century)
oil on canvas
73×60
Chateau de Versailles, France
Lauros / Giraudon
French, out of copyright

As for Gaston d’Orléans, once overcome the disappointment of the birth of his daughter, he gets attached to her. The little girl is loved by everyone thanks to her kindness. Like any princess, Françoise-Madeleine has a governess, Madame de Rare, who takes care of her and the other children of the Orléans couple. Mademoiselle de Valois has little age difference with her older sisters, Marguerite-Louise (born in 1645) and Elisabeth Marguerite (born in 1646) and shares with them a passion for dance and music. Older, the three sisters will attend many balls and comedies at the Louvre. Two years after the birth of Françoise-Madeleine, the long-awaited male heir finally arrives. Alas, little Jean-Gaston will not reach 2 years. The year of her death, the Duchess of Orleans gives birth to her youngest child: a fourth daughter, Marie-Anne, who also dies at a young age.

Of his four remaining daughters, Gaston d’Orleans does not hide his preference for the young Françoise-Madeleine. From his first marriage with Marie de Bourbon-Montpensier he has a daughter, Anne-Marie-Louise, known as Mademoiselle de Montpensier or the Grande Mademoiselle.

She is twenty years older than the young Mademoiselle de Valois. Refusing to marry and repelling the parties that offer themselves to her, Mademoiselle de Montpensier wishes her father to place one of her young sisters near her to adopt her! It is true that the Grande Mademoiselle, the only heir to the property of the Bourbon-Montpensier, possesses an immense fortune and knows very well that the second wife of her father is of a condition far inferior to her own. By placing herself as protector of one of her sisters, she assures her of a future. Her preference naturally goes to Françoise-Madeleine, whom she particularly likes so much that little Mademoiselle de Valois calls her her “little mother”.

On the other hand, the Grande Mademoiselle tells anyone who that she “does not like her sisters” Marguerite-Louise and Elisabeth Marguerite. A time approached to marry the Duke of Savoy Charles-Emmanuel of Savoy, the Grande Mademoiselle is finally dismissed to the benefit of her young half-sister Françoise-Madeleine.

Charles Emmanuel II Duc de Savoie/ Charles-Emmanuel II Duke Of Savoy

  Charles-Emmanuel II Duc de Savoie/ Charles-Emmanuel II Duke Of Savoy

Indeed, Anne-Marie-Louise is seven years older than Duke of Savoy and, if her fortune is high,because of her age it is less and less certain that she may one day be able to give birth. The choice of Françoise-Madeleine seems safer. At the time, the Grande Mademoiselle is 34 years old while Mademoiselle de Valois is 13 years old. Not wishing a union between the Condé and the Orleans, Louis XIV broke the engagement of Françoise-Madeleine and the Duke of Enghien who will eventually marry Anne of Bavaria.

Françoise-Madeleine, by the  Ecole Française, vers 1664

From 1662, Mademoiselle de Valois is betrothed to Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy that she marries on March 4, 1663. Born in 1634, the Duke of Savoy lost his father in 1637. It is his mother, Chrétienne de Bourbon (sister of Louis XIII and Gaston), known as Madame Royale, who assumed the regency. Separated from her family, Françoise-Madeleine strives to please her husband and mother-in-law. The spouses get along well and Charles-Emmanuel appreciates the dancing talents of the new Duchess of Savoy. As for Francoise-Madeleine, she follows the Duke frequently in the hunt and in his displacements in spite of her always faltering health. It is the reason why a French doctor was allowed to accompany the young princess in Savoy. She often finds herself in trouble, compelled to stay in her apartments where Madame Royale comes to keep her company. In December 1663, her condition worsened and Louis XIV sent her a man named Vaizou who had already treated Cardinal Mazarin. .

On December 27, Madame Royale dies and Françoise-Madeleine loses with her a precious support. Extremely affected by the death of her stepmother, the young duchess sees her health deteriorate further. Françoise-Madeleine died on January 14, 1664 at the age of 15, leaving an inconsolable husband. Charles Emmanuel organizes a splendid funeral for his mother and his wife. In tribute to the Duchess of Savoy too soon disappeared, it is written “Fugitive brilliance of beauty! Francoise, of the Bourbons of France, flowers of kings, queens of flowers, last lily and ephemeral present of spring, come late, removed too early, as are the lilies, only produces tears! “.

Copyright © 2015  Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel.1997-2015 Tous Droits Réservés

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History & Anecdotes

Napoléon’s Tomb

Napoleon’s Tomb is located in the central crypt of the Eglise du Dome Church at the Hotel des Invalides in Paris, France. The remains of the emperor, inside the sarcophagus, are protected by six concentric coffins, built from different materials, including mahogany, ebony, and oak, all one inside the other. On May 5th 1821, Napoleon died on the island of St Helena, where he had been in exile since 1815. He was buried in the Geranium valley. His remains rested there until October 15th 1840. In 1840 his remains were exhumed and brought to Paris, under the instructions of Louis-Philippe, who demanded that the English return the Emperor to French soil.

Napoleon’s tomb in St Helen

A state funeral was held, and the remains laid to rest in St Jerome’s Chapel. The remains were moved in 1861 when the tomb was completed. The tomb is crafted in red porphyry, and placed on a green granite base, it is circled by a crown of laurels with inscriptions, which act as reminders of the Empire great victories. In the round gallery is a series of low relief, sculptures by Simart. A statue of the emperor, bearing the imperial emblems, is located at the back of the crypt.

This large church, built between 1679 and 1706 during the reign of Louis XIV, is famous for its magnificent golden dome, which is considered to be a typical example of baroque architecture.

The dome’s ceiling is decorated by frescoes representing Saint Louis and Christ. The exterior of the dome was gilded in 1715.

In 1842, the architect Visconti had to redesign the church’s high altar to accommodate the Tomb. The Domed Church also houses the sepulchres of two of Napoleon’s brothers, Jerome and Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon’s son, the so called eaglet, and in more recent times the sepulchres of marshals Foch and Lyautey.

Copyright © 2019  Angie Paris Rues Méconnues Officiel. 1997-2019 All right reserved