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History & Anecdotes

Louis XV of France

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Louis XV (1710-1774), known as Louis the Beloved (Louis le bien aimé), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Until he reached maturity in 1723, his kingdom was ruled by Philippe d’Orléans, Duke of Orléans as Regent of France; the duke was his maternal great-uncle, as well as first cousin twice removed patrilineally.

September 1, 1715: Advent of Louis XV ………………………………………….. … Louis XIV died in Versailles on September 1, 1715, four days before his seventy-seventh birthday. No one in the world will have reigned as long as he (72 years). The Sun King leaves a France at the height of its power but exhausted by wars, especially the last one: the war of the Spanish Succession. His great-grandson of 5 years succeeds him under the name of Louis XV. The Sun King instituted by will a Regency Council chaired by Duke Philippe d’Orléans (41), first prince of the blood. But as he is wary of this nephew, who has the reputation of a debauchee, and is eyeing the throne, he plans to entrust the education of the little king to the duke of Maine, the son he had of Madame de Montespan! Dissatisfied with these dispositions, Philip of Orleans asks the Parliament of Paris the following day to break the will. In exchange for this service, p arliamentarians get their right of remonstrance restored to them. Fatal concession that will alter the royal power until the Revolution! If the wishes of the late Louis XIV had been respected, perhaps the bourgeois revolution of 1789 would not have taken place. And Louis XV certainly would not have sunk so much into debauchery

Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marchioness of Pompadour.Jeanne Poisson, the headstrong, ambitious, witty and erudite, catches the eye and heart of French King Louis XV at a costumed ball. She masters the art of seduction well enough to become accepted even by the Queen, corpulent mother of ten. As a sensibly chosen Royal ‘favorite’ mistress she is soon ennobled Marquise of Pompadour to facilitate her introduction at court. The immature dauphin (crown prince) proves a bitter and unrelenting enemy, joined by his imposed Saxon bride, and his sister at her deathbed. Although friends at court help Pompadour return, her health gives way. She was the owner of the Palais de l’Elyséee: now house of the French President

The Grand Apartment Salon of King Louis XV of France at The Château du Champ-de-Bataille in the Eure department of Upper Normandy, France. A baroque castle, it was built in the 17th century for the Maréchal de Créqui. In 1650 Alexandre de Créquy-Bernieulle was arrested and exiled to the province by Cardinal Mazarin. He built the Château du Champ-de-Bataille between 1653 and 1665. Interiors renovated by interior designer Jacques Garcia.

The governor of Chandernagor (India) offered Louis XV a rhinoceros. After a two-year journey, the animal landed in Lorient. There, he had to wait two and a half months for a special ox cart to be transported to the royal menagerie at Versailles, where he would be exposed to the public for twenty-two years. During a stopover at the Ile de France (today Mauritius), the public was admitted on board to come see him. The writer Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, who was among the visitors, noticed that the rhinoceros was strong and nasty but that he tolerated, however, as a friend, a little goat who shared his hay between his legs He will be found dead September 23, 1793, his remains will be transported to the Museum of Natural History where we will realize the first modern taxidermy operation on an animal of this size. At the time of its restoration in 1992, it was realized that his horn did not belong to him: it was an African black rhinoceros horn which had been added to him, the original having disappeared.

Grande Galerie de l’Evolution – Museum d’Histoire naturelle – Paris.

+Music: Te- Deum for King Louis XV of France victories
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For music lovers , sale of ” Te Deum for the victories of Louis XV ” by the baroque ensemble of Nantes. Recorded live at the Royal Chapel of Versailles in June 2015, this disc is devoted to the composer Henry Madin Lorraine ( 1698-1748 ) who finished his career as Kapellmeister at the court of Louis XV . The Te Deum was not played for over 250 years when Daniel Spoons has recreated in the same place where he had been given for the last time in 1757 before the King .

Right hand of the statue of King Louis XV of the Place Louis XV in Paris (now renamed Place de la Concorde) ………………………………

Musée Carnavalet, Paris (it is the only remaining fragment of the statue of Louis XV, destroyed by revolutionaries in 1792) ..